At 3,718 meters high, Mount Teide is the highest peak in Spain and a true viewpoint of the world . And visiting the Teide National Park is one of the essential things to do if you travel to Tenerife .
Teide is an active volcano, specifically the third highest active volcano in the world. It is also known as the “sleeping” volcano of Tenerife.
Mount Teide is a symbol of the Canary Islands. Tenerife’s Teide was formed about 200,000 years ago by the slide of an even larger ancient volcano, which led to what we know today as the Canadas del Teide. In total, more than 7,500 meters separate the oceanic base from the top of this volcano, which, although dormant, is a volcano that is still active.
The biodiversity of the Teide National Park is latent. Endemic species of Tenerife live on the slopes and on the top of the volcano, such as the blue chaffinch, the long-eared bat, the black lizard, the Teide violet or the red tajinaste.
Depending on the time of year, you will find a completely different landscape in the Teide National Park.
The aborigines of the island, the Guanches, believed that the demon Guayota slept inside this mountain and that he was capable of causing fire if he got angry…
The Teide Observatory in Tenerife is one of the most important astrophysical observation centers in the world and houses the largest solar telescope in Europe.
From the viewpoint, on clear days, it is possible to see the islands of El Hierro and La Gomera. Impressive!
What to do in Teide National Park
Without a doubt, visiting the Teide National Park is one of the essential things to do in Tenerife. You can spend at least one or two days getting to know the different most popular and beautiful corners of the park.
Climb to the peak of Teide
To climb Teide you will have to take the cable car that goes from the Canadas del Teide to the summit of the volcano. Although this section can be done on foot, it is a route with a steep slope and requires good physical condition. The Teide cable car will take you to an excellent viewpoint located at La Rambleta station, at 3,555 meters above sea level.
You should bear in mind that, even if you are visiting Tenerife in the hottest season, it is quite cold at the top. Do not forget to bring a jacket or some warm clothing!
The last stretch of ascent to Teide can be done on foot using Sendero Telesforo Bravo nº10. It is a path of just over two hundred meters of very steep slope.
I advise you to look into the crater. Although it is an extra effort, it is worth it.
To climb the Teide crater it is necessary to obtain a special permit (free), since this area is restricted to 200 visitors a day, in order to preserve this natural space as much as possible. Spaces fill up quite easily, so it is advisable to book at least three months in advance.
Canyons of Teide
Las Canadas del Teide form a large caldera about 17 kilometers in diameter on which Mount Teide sits. Here you will find caves, cones and rocks of strange shapes. In Las Canas there are 8 hiking trails , completely different from each other, that you can do. For this reason, if your time in Tenerife allows it, I recommend that you reserve a day to do one of these routes. We did two of the routes, one during the day and one at night.